We often criticize governments for their misdoings but seldom do we recognize or even notice the results born out of some of their sincere efforts towards the development of a country or state. Now here's an opportunity to applaud the Himachal Pradesh government for its consistent efforts to save the girl child, that have resulted in the tribal district- Lahaul and Spiti, to emerge as having the highest sex-ratio in India - 1,017 females for every 1,000 males. This information was made available by none other than the chief minister of the state, P.K. Dhumal at the inauguration ofa two-day workshop on 'Rights of Girl Child and Future Impact on Imbalanced Sex Ratio'. 

What led to the rise of sex-ratio in Lahaul and Spiti?

  • 'Beti Hai Anmol' programme- Under this programme, a sum of Rs 5,100 was being deposited at the time of birth of a girl child in poor families, with the amount multiplying substantially by the time she grows up, providing financial aid in meeting her education and marriage expenses. 
  • Free Education upto University: Girls belonging to the weaker strata in Himachal Pradesh, were given free education upto university level and provided text books and uniforms free of cost. 

Other such programmes to promote the birth of a girl child in Himachal Pradesh as well as women empowerment::

  • Mukhya Mantri Kanyadaan Yojna
  • matri Seva yojna
  • Matri Shakti Bima Yojna
  • Matritva Sahyog Yojna
  • Sabala Yojna 

According to 2011 India census reports, district wise, Haryana's Jhajjar (774 females per 1000 males) and Mahendragarh (778 females per 1000 males) districts have the lowest sex ratios in the country. 
State Wise though, Mizoram (971) tops the list, while Punjab (846 females per 1000 males) and Haryana (830 females per 1000) remain at the bottom of the list. 
The good news however is, that the overall sex ratio of India at the national level has increased by 7 points since the 2001 Census to reach 940 females per 1000 male at Census 2011.

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